we start hearing about these when we come in teenage, the start having those acne on our face. so what are hormones ? And what is their role? Basically hormones are chemical messengers secreted by our glands and these chemical messengers control various functions in our body. There are various types of hormones and each one has a specific function Hormones control simple functions like hunger to complex processes like reproduction. it is very important that your glands secrete the right kind of hormones in the right quantity at the right time for the body to function in synchronized manner. Factors that affect the hormonal levels In todays fast paced world we are exposed to high levels of stress for the work pressure, the family demands, and our working pattern. This in turn hampers our food habits, our sleep pattern making us lose our connection with nature. In addition the toxins that we are exposed to through various sources( the food we eat, the cosmetics we use and many more) leads to hormonal imbalances in our system. Hormonal imbalance does not happen overnight, it is after an prolonged and repeated exposure to these elements that hormonal imbalance sets in and we can surely say that they are a reflection of our lifestyle. How do we correct it? In order to get our balance back we must change the way we view our lives as it has been proven that just taking hormonal pills will not help. It is time that we look at an holistic solution to this problem. There is enough evidence to show that hormone balance can be influenced by stress, fluid changes in the body,vitamin and mineral levels Important Hormones in Women of Childbearing Age
- Estradiol . This estrogen is the most potent . Estrogen is essential for healthy bone formation, healthy gene expression, maintaining healthy cholesterol levels, and formation of secondary sexual characteristics (pubic hair, breasts, etc).estrogen is vital for a healthy menstrual cycle.
- Progesterone: Progesterone is needed for healthy libido, bone formation and proper blood clotting.
Progesterone is one of the main hormones in helping to regulate the menstrual cycle. It works to balance the effects of estrogen. Progesterone also signals the release of insulin, playing a role in a person’s susceptibility for diabetes or insulin resistant PCOS. Adequate levels of progesterone are vital for proper fallopian tube function. One of the main actions of progesterone is to help support a developing embryo.
- Luteinizing Hormone (LH): The surge of this hormone is responsible for ovulation and formation of corpus luetium.
LH works synergistically with FSH. It stimulates specific cells to produce testosterone. 4.Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH): This hormone regulates the reproductive process is also It regulates the body’s development, growth and maturation. It also regulates reproductive processes. . 5.Cortisol: the primary function of cortisol is to increase the blood sugar,aid in fat,protien,carbohydrate metabolism. Cortisol is released in response to stress. 6.DHEA (dehydroepiandrosterone): testesterone and oestrogen are produced from DHEA. DHEA is required for protien building and repair. DHEA levels decline dramatically as we age. 7.Testosterone: Testosterone in women is in much lower amounts than in men. It helps to support a healthy sex drive and build bones. Signs and Symptoms of Hormonal Imbalance Breast tenderness Unexplained weight gain Migraine Anxiety Depression Vaginal dryness Thinning of hair Abnormal hair growth Repeated allergies Irregular menses Decreased sex drive Water retention Things that will improve hormonal balance Food What you eat, how you eat, when you eat is very essential in maintaining hormonal balance. Eat Balanced wholesome food. Avoid refined sugar,dairy products,meat. Avoid processed food. Increase the amount of fibre and raw foods in your diet. Avoid coffee, alcohol,smoking- it is known to interfere with your hormones. Exercise Regular exercise not only strengthens our muscles, but it builds stamina, increases flexibility,and circulation. It helps keep stress, depression and anxiety at ba. It helps the process of detoxification and removes excess toxins and hormones from our body. Reduce Exposure to toxins (Xenohormones) Endocrine Disruptors: They are endocrine disruptors and are present in pesticides,herbicides,fertilizers here are ways in which you can reduce your exposure to xenohormones
- Eat organic foods as much as possible
- Use organic natural body care products.
- Avoid use of plastic containers for storage and re- heating.
- Exercise regularly, be sure you are sweating during exercise